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CAUX INDIANS. These are the Indians who held François Simars de Bellisle captive for several months in 1719–20. Their location has now been established as the vicinity of Galveston Bay in southeastern Texas. They have been tentatively identified as Coco Indians, but their location and De Bellisle's description of their culture strongly indicate that they were the Akokisas, well known to the Spanish through missionary activity in this area later in the eighteenth century. The Akokisas were Atakapan-speaking Indians who dominated the coastal strip that lies between present Houston and Beaumont.


Henri Folmer, "De Bellisle on the Texas Coast," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 44 (October 1940). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). M. de Villiers du Terrage and P. Rivet, "Les Indiens du Texas et les expéditions françaises de 1720 et 1721 a la Baie Saint-Bernard," Journal de la Société des Américanistes de Paris 11 (1919).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CAUX INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.