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CATQUEZA INDIANS. The Catqueza (Caquiza, Casqueza, Catcueza) Indians are known only from a brief period near the close of the seventeenth century. At this time they ranged an area east and northeast of San Antonio, principally in the Guadalupe valley between the sites of present San Marcos and Gonzales. Certain Spanish documents indicate that the Catquezas were not Coahuiltecans. Some writers have suggested that they spoke Tonkawan, apparently because they lived in an area where other Tonkawans also lived. It is possible that the Catquezas were seventeenth-century migrants from western Texas or northern Mexico. They were sometimes associated with the Jumanos and Cíbolas, and a Spanish document of 1691 mentions a Catqueza chief who was "reared in Parras, Saltillo, and Parral. Later he went to New Mexico and returned again to his people."

Herbert E. Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in Texas, 1650–1771," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 15 (July 1911). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
Thomas N. Campbell

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Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Catqueza Indians," accessed November 24, 2017,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.