CATAYE INDIANS. The Cataye Indians, a Caddoan tribe of the southwestern or Hasinai division in eastern Texas, are known from a single Spanish document that was written near the end of the seventeenth century. H. E. Bolton assumed that Cataye was a variant of the name Cachaé, but these similar names both occur in the same document without any indication that they are variants of the same name. Bolton also argued that Cachaé was an early name for the Hainai Indians (they seem to have occupied the same territory). J. R. Swanton accepted Bolton's interpretations and also linked Caxo with Cachaé. This is all largely a matter of modern inference and opinion. As no early Spanish authority ever stated that Cataye, Cachaé, Caxo, and Hainai were names that referred to the same people, the case is still open.
Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "CATAYE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc36), accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles