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CASSIA INDIANS. In the 1687 documents of the La Salle expedition the Cassia Indians were reported as allies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. Apparently the Cassias were not the same as the Casibas, reported in a Spanish document of 1691 as living southeast of the Hasinais. The affiliations of both groups remain unknown.


Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CASSIA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.