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CANONIZOCHITOUI INDIANS. The Canonizochitoui Indians are known from a single 1691 Spanish missionary report, which lists them among the groups that lived southeast of the Hasinais. Since no distance was specified, it is impossible to tell whether these Indians lived in eastern Texas or western Louisiana. The latter part of the name, -zochitoui, resembles Souchitiony, an early form of Doustioni, the name of a Caddoan tribe that lived near the site of present Natchitoches, Louisiana, in the eighteenth century. No further evidence in support of this identification has been found.


John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "CANONIZOCHITOUI INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.