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CANNAHA AND CANNAHIO INDIANS. These Indians are known only from the 1687 documents of the La Salle expedition, which list them separately as enemies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. In spite of this separate listing, it has been assumed that the two names refer to the same people, and the Cannaha-Cannahios have been equated with the Kannehouans, who in the same documents were placed far to the south of the Red River near the Gulf Coast. These identifications, which are based on phonetic similarities in names, ignore separate listing in the documents as well as differences in geographic location. Until better evidence is presented, the Cannahas and Cannahios must be considered as different peoples and unrelated to the Kannehouans.


Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86).

Thomas N. Campbell

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Thomas N. Campbell, "CANNAHA AND CANNAHIO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.