Thomas N. Campbell

CACHAÉ INDIANS. This was a Caddoan tribe of the southwestern or Hasinai division in eastern Texas that is known from a single Spanish document written near the close of the seventeenth century. H. E. Bolton thought that Cachaé and Cataye were variants of the same name and that they were early names for the people later known as Hainai. It is true that Cachaé and Hainai Indians seem to have occupied the same area. J. R. Swanton followed Bolton's interpretations and also identified the Caxo Indians with the Cachaé. This is all a matter of modern inference and opinion. Cachaé, Caxo, and Cataye are all listed as separate tribes in the same document without any indication that they are names for the same people, and no early Spanish authority ever said that these names were synonyms for Hainai.

Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

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Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Cachae Indians," accessed March 20, 2018,

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