ATAYO INDIANS. The Atayo (Atoyo, Tayo) Indians were encountered by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca near or along the Texas coast, apparently about 1528. Their location cannot be determined, but it seems to have been in the central section of the coast. Attempts to identify the Atayos with groups known to Europeans over 150 years later are largely speculations based on phonetic similarities in names. The Atayos have been linked with the Adais, a Caddoan group of western Louisiana, but this is no longer taken seriously. They have also been linked with the Tohos (or Tojos) and Tohahas, both of which did live inland near the coastal area possibly occupied by the Atayos.
Adolph F. Bandelier, ed., The Journey of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and His Companions from Florida to the Pacific, 1528–1536 (New York: Barnes, 1905). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942). Texas Indian Commission, The Texas Indian Commission and American Indians in Texas: A Short History with Definitions and Demographics (Austin, 1986).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "ATAYO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma52), accessed February 06, 2016. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles