Thomas N. Campbell

APAYSI INDIANS. In 1691 Damián Massanet listed Apaysi as one of thirteen Indian groups seen by him on lower Hondo Creek southwest of San Antonio, apparently near the boundary line between modern Frio and Medina counties. No recognizable variant of this name has been found in other primary documents. Massanet indicated that the Apaysis and their associates all spoke the same language, the one now known as Coahuilteco. The Apaysis were not the same people as the Apayxams, who were seen by Massanet on the Guadalupe River some 125 miles farther to the east. Unlike the Apaysis, the Apayxams were associated with Indian groups who, according to Massanet, spoke languages other than Coahuilteco. The Apaysis were probably few in number when seen by Massanet, and shortly thereafter they may have lost their identity by merging with one or more of the larger groups. This supposition is suggested by the fact that no Apaysi individuals were ever recorded as having entered Spanish missions. As some of the Hondo Creek groups are known to have hunted animals and collected wild plant products in an area that extended from Hondo Creek southwestward into northeastern Coahuila, it seems likely that the Apaysis originally ranged over some part of the same area.

Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968). Mattie Alice Hatcher, trans., The Expedition of Don Domingo Terán de los Ríos into Texas, ed. Paul J. Foik (Preliminary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society 2.1 [1932]).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "APAYSI INDIANS," accessed August 21, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma36.

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox