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APAPAX INDIANS. This name is known from a document of 1748 that lists twenty-five Indian groups of east central and southeastern Texas that had asked for missions in that general area. About half of the names on this list, including Apapax, cannot be further identified. The remainder denote groups identifiable as Caddoans (including Wichita), Tonkawans, Atakapans, and Karankawans. The name Apapax bears some resemblance to Atakapa, but this may be fortuitous.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "APAPAX INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 28, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.