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ANNAHO INDIANS. The Annaho Indians were mentioned in documents (1687) of the La Salle expedition as enemies of the Kadohadacho Indians on the Red River. Annaho was an early name used by the French for the Osage Indians, whose base area at that time was in western Missouri. The Annahos are not to be confused with the Anaos, who were mentioned in a Spanish missionary report of 1691 as living near the Hasinai tribes of eastern Texas.


Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). Ralph A. Smith, trans., "Account of the Journey of Bénard de La Harpe," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (July, October 1958, January, April 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "ANNAHO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.