- Get Involved
ANATHAGUA INDIANS. The Anathagua (Anatagu) Indians are known from a Spanish document of 1748 that lists twenty-five Indian groups of east central and southeastern Texas who had asked for missions in that general area. About half the names on this list, including Anathagua, cannot be identified. It is possible but not demonstrable that the Anathaguas were the same as the Quanataguos reported at San Antonio de Valero Mission at San Antonio in the 1720s. J. R. Swanton included the Quanataguos in his list of Coahuiltecan groups, apparently because one Quanataguo woman was said to have married a Coahuiltecan. The list of twenty-five groups that includes Anathagua contains no names that can be identified as Coahuiltecan; the identifiable names indicate only Caddoans (including Wichita), Tonkawans, Atakapans, and Karankawans. Both Anathagua and Quanataguo bear some resemblance to Quiutcanuaha, the name of a group identified in 1691 as living an unspecified distance southwest of the Hasinai Indians of eastern Texas, but no identities can be established. The affiliations of all three groups remain undetermined.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas N. Campbell, "Anathagua Indians," accessed March 23, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma27.
Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.