ANAO INDIANS. In a Spanish missionary report of 1691, the Anao Indians were listed among the enemies of the Hasinais of eastern Texas. Twelve names occur on this list, and it is said that two or three of the groups named lived southeast of the Hasinais; the others lived to the west. The identity of the Anaos remains undetermined. It is evident that they were not the same as the Annahos, listed in documents of the La Salle expedition (1687) as allies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. The Annahos were Osage Indians, whose base area at that time was western Missouri, and there is no record of their having lived as far south as eastern Texas or western Louisiana.
Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). Ralph A. Smith, trans., "Account of the Journey of Bénard de La Harpe," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (July, October 1958, January, April 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "ANAO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma26), accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles