ANACHOREMA INDIANS. In the latter part of the seventeenth century the Anachorema Indians lived north of Matagorda Bay on or near one of the major streams now in Jackson County, apparently the Lavaca River. Their village, which was visited by La Salleqv in 1687, was one of many Indian settlements along this river. Of these various settlements, only the Anachorema and Quara villages are identified in the records of the La Salle expedition. The Anachoremas are not referred to by this name in later times, and their ethnic affiliation remains unknown. Since they lived in an area dominated by Karankawan groups, it is possible that they too, were Karankawan. However, it is also possible that Anachorema is a French rendition of Aranama, the name of an Indian group that lived nearby at about the same time.
Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). John Gilmary Shea, Discovery and Exploration of the Mississippi Valley (New York: Redfield, 1852).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "ANACHOREMA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma23), accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles