- Get Involved
AIS INDIANS. The Ais (Ayis, Ays, Eyeish, Ayish) Indians, an East Texas group associated with the Hasinais, spoke a language different from the Caddos of the region. For this reason, it has been suggested by some authorities that the Ais represented a culture older than the confederacy known to the French and Spanish. Their early home was on Ayish Bayou between the Sabine and Neches rivers. In 1717 Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de los Ais Mission was founded for them in the vicinity of present San Augustine. According to historical accounts the Ais were distrusted alike by the Caddo and by French and Spanish authorities. In the later part of the eighteenth century they were placed under the jurisdiction of the officials residing at Nacogdoches. They were later placed on the Wichita reservation in Oklahoma.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Margery H. Krieger, "AIS INDIANS," accessed February 23, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma15.
Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.