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AGUAJUANI INDIANS. The Aguajuani Indians are known from a Spanish document of 1754, which placed them an unspecified distance north or northwest of Nacogdoches. They were evidently not the Yojuanes, whose name (Jujuane) also appears in the same document. Aguajuani resembles Ahehouen, the name of an Indian group recorded in documents of the La Salle expedition. These French documents indicate that in the late seventeenth century the Ahehouens lived inland somewhere north of Matagorda Bay, probably near the Colorado River. No relationship between the Aguajuanis and the Ahehouens has thus far been established, and the linguistic and cultural affiliations of both groups remain unknown.


Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "AGUAJUANI INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.