Jeff Carroll

GLIDDEN, TEXAS. Glidden is on the main line of the Southern Pacific Railroad just north of Interstate Highway 10 and three miles west of Columbus in north central Colorado County. It was established by the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway on 159½ acres of land bought from T. J. Oaks as a site for new shops, switching yards, and a roundhouse to handle major east-west traffic and traffic from the La Grange Tap Railroad. The first plat was filed on May 27, 1885, after construction of the switching yards was complete. By 1887 the town had a new hotel, a Farmers' Alliance with over thirty members, a school, several churches, and enough businesses to provide for a growing population. The post office was established in 1888. By 1891 Glidden had a population of more than 200 and had become the major railroad-maintenance facility between Houston and El Paso. In 1896 the town had three saloons, a hotel, a general store, and a dry-goods emporium. During the Spanish-American War and the two world wars, the railroad shops were a link in transcontinental rail service, and the community prospered accordingly. The advent of diesel and electric engines and the concurrent loss of the older steam engines made most of the shops and equipment in Glidden obsolete, and they were slowly phased out to make way for more switching yards during the late 1940s and 1950s. Glidden had an estimated population of 400 in 1925; by 1949 the estimate had fallen to 150, and only five businesses remained. Glidden was still an active community in the 1980s, with four businesses and, with the addition of two small subdivisions, a population of about 200. The population was 255 in 1990 and again in 2000.

Colorado County Sesquicentennial Commemorative Book (La Grange, Texas: Hengst Printing, 1986).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jeff Carroll, "GLIDDEN, TX," accessed February 26, 2020,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...