- Get Involved
ROCHELLE, TEXAS. Rochelle is on U.S. Highway 190 some ten miles northeast of Brady in eastern McCulloch County. Early names for the community included Crewville and Crothers, both in honor of county residents; the name Rochelle, chosen by a French settler from La Rochelle, was accepted by postal officials when a post office was established there in 1879. In the mid-1890s Rochelle was still a small town; most of its thirty residents were engaged in stockraising. After the railroads were built through the area in 1903 and 1912, however, Rochelle grew substantially. The Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway Company laid its track between Brownwood and Brady in 1903, and the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe completed its line between Eden and Lometa in 1912. By 1914 Rochelle had 700 residents, three churches, three general stores, two cotton gins, a newspaper, a bank, and a hotel. The community reported a population of 515 from the 1930s through the 1950s. During the 1940s a school, three churches, several businesses, and a number of residences marked the community on county highway maps. In 1959 the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe abandoned its tracks through Rochelle. The population fell to 100 by the early 1960s, but grew again by 1968 to 163; it was reported at that level through 2000. Rochelle served the county as the focus of a large independent school district.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Jessie Laurie Barfoot, History of McCulloch County, Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1937). Wayne Spiller, comp., Handbook of McCulloch County History (Vol. 1, Seagraves, Texas: Pioneer, 1976; vol. 2, Canyon, Texas: Staked Plains Press, 1986).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, "ROCHELLE, TX," accessed March 22, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HLR29.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.