While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Ann Fears Crawford

FULSHEAR, TEXAS. Fulshear, at the junction of Farm roads 359 and 1093, in northern Fort Bend County, developed around the plantation of Churchill Fulshear, one of Stephen F. Austin's original Old Three Hundred. The small agricultural community centered around the Fulshears' cotton gin and flour mill until 1888, when Churchill Fulshear, Jr., granted the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway a right-of-way through his land there. Many families moved to the developing community from nearby Pittsville, which had refused the railroad, and in 1890 the town of Fulshear was laid out and granted a post office. Though there is evidence that there was a schoolhouse at a chapel meeting ground on the Fulshear Plantation in 1855, it was not until 1893 that the Fulshear school district was established. A Methodist church was organized at the community in 1894 and still existed in 1988. By 1898 a population of 250 supported eleven stores, three saloons, a school, and a hotel. The town recovered quickly from a fire in 1910 that destroyed a block of businesses; within two years downtown Fulshear was so busy that on paydays residents complained that the sidewalks were too crowded to walk on. The town reported 300 residents and ten stores in 1929. Its population fell to 100 in 1933, around the time that the Fulshear plantation house was torn down, and remained below 250 until the spread of the Houston metropolitan area in the late 1970s. The Fulshear schools-two for black students, one for Hispanics, and one for whites-were merged into the Lamar Consolidated Independent School District in 1948. The Huggins Elementary School was built in Fulshear in 1979. Fulshear was incorporated in the early 1980s and remained a marketing center for locally produced rice, cotton, soybeans, corn, poultry, and cattle. Pecans were also an important local crop. In 1988 Fulshear had a population of 623 and twelve businesses; in 1990 its population was 557. In 2000 Fulshear had a population of 716 and sixty-nine businesses.


Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Clarence Wharton, Wharton's History of Fort Bend County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1939).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Ann Fears Crawford, "FULSHEAR, TX," accessed June 06, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hlf34.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on November 5, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...