On this day in 1885, a fire destroyed the Missouri Pacific Hospital, the first in Fort Worth. The precursor of St. Joseph Hospital was founded in 1883 for railroad workers. In early 1885 Mother St. Pierrette Cinquin, mother superior of the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word of San Antonio, agreed to have her order take charge of the hospital's nursing program. The hospital burned only a few months after the sisters arrived. The Missouri Pacific Railroad rebuilt it and continued to operate it until moving all patients to Sedalia, Missouri, in 1889. The railroad then sold the hospital to the sisters for $15,000. The institution was renamed St. Joseph's Infirmary and dedicated on May 12, 1889. Its name was changed to St. Joseph Hospital in 1930.
On this day in 1917, the first planes landed at Kelly Field, San Antonio. The site was selected in 1916 to expand the facilities of the fledgling Aviation Section of the Army Signal Corps. It was initially called Aviation Camp, then Kelly Field, and finally Kelly Air Force Base. During World War I almost all American combat aviators earned their wings at Kelly, which expanded dramatically. In 1928 the movie Wings was filmed at the base. World War II brought further changes, and the base became a major logistical center for the separate United States Air Force in the postwar period. In 1993 came news that the base was to be closed. At the time, Kelly was the oldest continuously operating flying base in the United States, and was the largest employer in San Antonio. Subsequently, the massive Kelly Air Force Base Redevelopment project converted the base to a business and industrial park, a process to be completed in 2001.
On this day in 1896, in El Paso, U.S. deputy marshal George A. Scarborough shot constable John Selman, a celebrated gunman and gambler who had just left the Wigwam Saloon. Selman died the next day on the operating table. Scarborough was acquitted of murder but was forced to resign his position as deputy marshal. Selman, perhaps best known as the man who killed John Wesley Hardin in 1895, had himself been a notorious figure since the 1870s. Four years to the day after Selman's death, Scarborough died at his home in Deming, New Mexico, following a gun battle with rustlers in Arizona.